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Alabama Facts

Alabama is located in the southeastern region of the United States.

It was the 22nd state in the nation and is the 30th largest state by area.

Related: Alabama State History

The state is known for its iron and steel natural resources, Southern hospitality, sweet tea, and football—especially the fierce rivalry between the Auburn Tigers and the Alabama Crimson Tide.


Key Facts

Capital: Montgomery

Population: 5 million

Nickname: The Yellowhammer State, Cotton State, Heart of Dixie

Key Cities: Birmingham, Mobile, Montgomery, Huntsville

Postal Abbreviation: AL

Major Industries: Automotive, chemicals, information technology, forestry, aerospace



How did Alabama get its name: The state was named after the Alabama River, which got its name from the Indian tribe that lived in the territory.

The name “Alabama” comes from a combination of two Choctaw words: “Alba,” meaning vegetation or plants and “Amo,” meaning gatherer or picker.

The Alabama Indians cleared and farmed the land, so “vegetation gatherers” is an accurate description of the tribe.

Date admitted to the Union: Tuesday, December 14, 1819.



Size: 52,419 sq. miles

Lowest point: Gulf of Mexico at sea level

Highest point: Cheaha Mountain at 2,407 feet

Counties: 67

Famous locations: Vulcan Statue, USS Alabama (BB-60), U.S. Space and Rocket Center, Birmingham Civil Rights Institute

Famous Alabamians

Nat “King” Cole- entertainer

Henry Louis (Hank) Aaron- baseball player

Helen Keller- author and activist

Rosa Parks- Civil Rights activist


Channing Tatum- actor

Terrell Owens- football player

Fun Facts

The first rocket to put humans on the moon was built at NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama.

In 1836, Alabama became the first state to recognize Christmas as an official holiday.

It was also the first state in the nation to celebrate Veteran’s Day, with the first Veteran’s Day Parade taking place in Birmingham, Alabama in 1947.

Alabama’s state constitution has over 300,000 words and over 775 amendments. That makes it longest state constitution and the most amended state constitution in the world!

Related: US Constitution

In Aniston, Alabama, you can visit the World’s Largest Office Chair. It’s made from 10 tons of steel—probably about three times the weight of your family’s car!


Alabama is home to the United States’ largest snail population. Believe it or not, 43% of all snails in the United States live in Alabama.

The last all-water mail route in the United States is in Magnolia Springs, Alabama.

Magnolia Springs is the only city in the United States where the mail is delivered completely by boat.

View more United States facts.