Elephants are large, majestic animals that have been admired and studied for hundreds of years. They are the largest mammal that lives on land and are known for their gentle attitude and intelligence.
While these elephants don’t have many predators, there is one threat that is quickly endangering them. Read on to find out more facts about elephants.
What are the characteristics of an elephant?
Elephants belong to the mammal family, which means that they have hair, give birth to live young, and feed their babies milk. They have large, thin ears that are used to help cool them down, and have long, powerful trunks.
Their trunks can grow to be about six feet long, and can sense the size, shape, and temperature of an object.
Elephants use their trunks to help them lift up food, and they also use them to suck up water and pour it into their mouth.
There are two types of elephants: the Asian elephant and the African elephant. Both female and male African elephants have tusks which they use to help find and dig for food.
Only the male Asian elephant has tusks. They also use their tusks to help dig for water.
Elephants can grow over 13 feet tall and weigh up to 15,000 pounds. I hope they don’t break the scale!
Where do elephants live?
While elephants are common in zoos all over the world, they naturally live in Africa and Asia. Elephants prefer to stay near water, but can be found in a few different habitats like savannahs, marshes, deserts, and forests.
What do elephants like to eat?
Elephants are herbivores, which means that they only eat plants. Because an elephant is so large, it needs to eat a lot of plants in order to get full.
Elephants can spend up to 16 hours a day collecting and eating leaves, twigs, bamboo, and roots.
Do any predators go after elephants?
Elephants have no natural predators in the wild, although sometimes lions will attack young or weak elephants in the herd. Sadly, the biggest threat to elephants is humans.
Humans hurt elephants through poaching them for their ivory tusks as well as by changing or destroying their habitat.
Currently, the African elephant is labeled as Vulnerable while the Asian elephant is labeled as Endangered.
Do elephants live together?
Female elephants spend their entire lives living together with other females and calves. These family groups are led by a single elephant, known as the matriarch, who is usually the oldest female.
Male elephants will live with the herd until they are about 13 years old.
Once they get to this age, they leave the herd and mainly live alone for the rest of their life. Elephants can live up to 70 years old in the wild.
Quick Elephant Facts:
Elephants are mammals.
There are two types of elephants: African elephants and Asian elephants.
Elephants are herbivores and eat leaves, twigs, roots, and bamboo.
Females and calves live together in herds.
They can live up to 70 years in the wild.
Elephants are gentle animals whose intelligence is similar to apes and chimpanzees. They are the largest land mammal and many of them live together in social herds and families.
Although many elephants are threatened by humans, they can also be saved by humans. It is up to us to spread awareness about these beautiful creatures.