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Facts about Peru for kids 2022 [Facts, Photos & More]

Peru is a lively nation with textiles, ancient sites, and extraordinary cultural traditions. Additionally, it is the birthplace of one of the most popular dishes in the United States and a fascinating national cuisine! Peru is one of our top recommendations for travel in South America.

Facts about Peru for kids

Peru contains a variety of habitats, human cultures, and animal species. As the history of Peru dates back thousands of years, there is an abundance of possibilities to learn more about the local cultures. Just a few degrees south of the equator, Peru is located in the western portion of South America. It has diverse geography consisting of a coastal plain in the west, high, steep mountains in the center (the Andes), and a lowland jungle that leads to the Amazon River basin in the east.  At an elevation of 7,490 meters, Nevado Huascaran is Peru’s tallest mountain (6,768 m).

12 Amazing Facts About Peru

Lake Titicaca is the highest boat-accessible lake in the world.

Lake Titicaca is the highest boat-accessible lake

Lake Titicaca, at an elevation of 3,812 meters, is the highest navigable lake in the world.  Can spot Primitive indigenous cities and settlements on the lake’s coastline and islands. There are also a handful of islands in the lake. The indigenous people’s reed boats and several of their ceremonies are popular tourist destinations. The Andean people call the lake “The Sacred Lake” because, according to legend, the great god Viracocha emerged while roaming through the lake’s waters. This mythology is responsible for the lake’s name.

23% of the Peru population lives in poverty.

Peru population

These are the three most populated cities in Peru are Lima (10.7 million inhabitants), Arequipa (923,000 inhabitants), and Trujillo (865,000 inhabitants). Twenty-three percent of the population lives in poverty. Rural and indigenous people are particularly affected by poverty and income inequality. Mestizos are the bulk of the Peruvian population; around sixty percent of the country’s residents are Mestizo (of mixed ancestry). Approximately one-third of the population is Amerindians. The Quechua (Kichwa) make up 23 percent of the people. They recognized a few other indigenous languages as official languages in Peru besides Spanish, Quechua, and Aymara. More than 82 percent of people speak Spanish as their primary language and use it in their daily life, business, and government. Commonly utilized In Education is Spanish.

Inca civilization is the oldest civilization in the country.

Inca civilization

The Incas adhered to a polytheistic religion, which meant that they accepted multiple deities. Pachacamac is an example of an Inca God; the Inca believed he was responsible for creating humanity, vegetation, and the management of crops. The Incas made frequent offerings and sacrifices to appease the gods and bestow advantages upon their people. These offerings and sacrifices occasionally necessitated the slaughter of both animals and humans. The Incas would embalm their dead, mummify them, and place them in tombs with gifts to take into the afterlife while they stood upright.

The climate of Peru is very dynamic.

climate of Peru is very dynamic

Due to its location in a tropical latitude, mountain ranges, topographic variations, and the effect of two ocean currents, Peru offers a wide diversity of climates (the Humboldt and the El Nio). Except for its warmer and wetter northern regions, the climate along the coast is characterized by high humidity, moderate temperatures, and low precipitation totals.  Summer months offer constant precipitation to the mountainous region, but as one ascends higher into the Andes Mountains, both temperature and humidity drop rapidly. The southernmost portion of the Peruvian Amazon is characterized by cold winters and seasonal rainfall.

Amazon Rainforest covers little less than two-thirds of Peru.

Amazon Rainforest covers little less than two-thirds of Peru

Peru’s Amazon Rainforest is undoubtedly the most popular tourist attraction in the country, as it comprises sixty percent of the country. It has more than 700 species of ferns and more than 7,300 species of flowering plants, so it has a high level of biodiversity. Moreover, the rainforest is home to over 2,500 species of butterflies, 700 species of fish, 290 species of mammals, 260 species of amphibians, and 700 species of birds. It is easy to see why it is such a famous tourist attraction, given that it is unlike any other location on earth.

In Peru, the Rainbow Mountains are located.

In Peru the Rainbow Mountains

Ausangate Mountain in the Peruvian Andes is one of the most beautiful instances of natural beauty in the world. It is challenging to reach due to its location at an altitude of 6,384 meters and its high height. The mountain is sprinkled with various colors, including turquoise and lavender, beginning with maroon and gold. Reaching the mountain’s summit will require numerous hiking days. Ausangate is revered by the inhabitants of Cusco, who view it as a guardian deity who watches over the city. During the annual Star Snow celebration, tens of thousands of pilgrims go to the mountain.

Peru’s capital and largest city are Lima.

Francisco Pizarro, a sixteenth-century Spanish colonizer, is credited for building Lima in 1535 so that it could serve as the political and administrative center for the Spanish colonists. Currently, Lima is still acting as the capital of Peru. Most Peruvian tourists will bypass Lima in their haste to reach Cusco and Machu Picchu. However, tourists will discover that Lima has much to offer, including a range of architectural styles visible in the city center.

Potatoes originally appeared in Peru.

Potatoes originally appeared in Peru

Peru is home to more than 4,000 distinct potato varieties, which should not be surprising given that the potatoes were domesticated initially there.  People began farming these delightful tubers for human consumption; eight thousand years ago, A variety of potatoes were available in every supermarket.

The first census was done in Peru.

The ancient Incas undertook the very first population count. They lacked a written language, so they invented a system of record-keeping that entailed tying knots in wool or cotton strings and then tied to a cross-chain at one end. The term for these knots is quipus. Each quipu had its size and color to record data such as crop measurements, thefts, and debts.

Monks created the artistic colonial legacy of Peru.

Peru Monks

The monk-founded ateliers in Peru, which the Sevillian Baroque School greatly influenced, were where sculpture and painting in Peru first began to develop a distinct character. In this context, recorded the stalls of the Cathedral choir, the fountain of Lima’s Main Square, both created by Pedro de Noguera, and a substantial amount of the colonial era’s output. The Cuzco School was the first art center established by the Spanish, and it was there that taught European painting techniques to Quechua artists. Marcos Zapata (1710–1773) was one of the Cuzco school members who followed Diego Quispe Tito (1680–1681). Diego Quispe Tito was one of the founding Cuzco school members. During the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, the period known as the Baroque had a significant impact on the plastic arts.

The production of traditional ponchos from Peru might take up to 600 hours.

Not only is weaving one of the world’s oldest traditions, but it has also played a crucial role in the formation of Peruvian culture for as long as the civilization has existed. To spin, dye, and weave a traditional Peruvian shawl, 500 to 600 hours are required. This garment is given to a person achieving adulthood and to be worn for the remainder of their lives. The woven designs’ cut, color, and patterns vary significantly from one town to the next; it is possible to determine a person’s place of origin simply by observing them.

If you wish to view the enigmatic Nazca Lines, Peru is the place to go.

In the Nazca Desert in Peru, we can observe a sequence of enormous geoglyphs made between 500 BC and 500 AD. These are shallow earthen incisions or depressions. The name given to these geoglyphs is the Nazca Lines. Most of these lines are figurative designs of flora and animals. After removing the top layer of dirt and pebbles, the yellowish-grey subsoil engraved in these lines became visible. Some individuals even claim that extraterrestrials are responsible for the Nazca Lines.  In any form, the mystery has not got resolved to this day.


Peru is a country that has everything: beauty, a deep and rich history, intrigue, adventure, dramatic and diverse landscapes, incomprehensible architectural marvels, animals, brilliant and vibrant people, dress, and arguably the world’s best cuisine. Chefs from around the world, including Paris, travel to the Peruvian cities of Lima and Cusco to learn how to create their ingredients and improve their cooking techniques from the country’s culinary specialists. The fact that many of their farming traditions have remained unchanged for two millennia contributes to Peru’s charm and is one of the country’s most appealing characteristics.

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