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The Great Wall of China Facts for Kids

One of the Seven Wonders of the Globe, the Great Wall of China, is the most extended structure worldwide. It is the world’s longest Wall, having been constructed since the birth of civilization. We’ve created a collection of fascinating Great Wall of China Facts for Kids to help them familiarize themselves with the structure. 

You may learn more about the historical design and building of China’s most enormous wall by studying these Great Wall Of China Facts.

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Some basic facts about The Great Wall of China:

The Great Wall of China Facts
  • Name: Great Wall of China
  • Location: Huairou District, China, Asia
  • GPS Coordinates: 40.68°N 117.23°E
  • Building Type: Stone Fortification
  • Built: Between 7th Century BCE and 14th Century CE
  • Annual Visitors: 10 million (estimated yearly average)

12 interesting facts about The Great Wall of China:

1. The Great Wall crosses 15 distinct Chinese provinces.

The Great Wall crosses 15 distinct Chinese provinces

Sections of the Great Wall may be found as far east as Hebei province, near Beijing, and as far west as Gansu province. Nearly 2,000 kilometers (1,300 mi) separate Gansu, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Inner Mongolia, Hebei, Tianjin, Beijing, and Liaoning, among other places. However, the Wall’s length is over ten times greater at 21,196.18 km (13,170.7 mi).

2. Emperor Qin Shihuang contributed significantly to the Wall’s construction,

Qin Shihuang

As early as 220 BC, Qin Shi Huang, often known as the First Emperor, successfully unified China under his rule. He succeeded in bridging the gaps that already existed. He preserved peace in northern China and laid the foundation for future generations’ defense. As a result, it provides evidence of China’s historical and cultural growth. It was initially mostly built out of wood and compacted dirt.

3. Workers assembled the Ming dynasty portions of the Great Wall by combining a paste made of sticky rice flour and slaked lime.

Around 600 years ago, the Great Wall’s granite and brick building blocks weren’t combined with cement or sand. The staff substituted a batter composed of rice flour. Bricks were stacked on top of the sticky, glutinous rice mixture after it had been distributed by workers to bind everything together.

However, the majority of The Great Wall is built of dirt, stone, brick, lime, and wood. This segment comprises natural impediments like rivers and mountain slopes for around one-fourth of their length. Ditches in some other areas serve as barriers. This portion of the wall was built utilizing difficult-to-use raw resources, such as rocks, for around 70% of its construction.

4. Around 30% of China’s Ming-era Great Wall has vanished due to natural disasters and irresponsible human behavior.

China's Ming-era Great Wall

Approximately 30% of the Ming Great Wall has been destroyed by natural erosion and vandalism. These parts most likely collapsed due to rock theft from the wall for sale or use in building homes.

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5. 1,000 watchtowers were erected along the Great Wall

Over 1,000 watchtowers were erected along the Great Wall during the Ming dynasty to place guards in watchful positions for potential threats.

They erected watchtowers along the Great Wall at intervals of 1,500 feet to keep an eye on the country. These watchtowers broadcast messages and keep an eye on enemy movements. The troops on the tower would relay messages to one another until all of their soldiers were aware of the enemy’s approach by puffing smoke during the day and lighting a fire at night.

6. Authorities are working to repair a portion of the Great Wall

Authorities from the Hebei Province in northern China are now working to repair a portion of the Great Wall.

Due to the Great Wall’s placement on mountains for military defense, repaired sections of the Wall include challenging climbs and uneven stairs. You may climb a restored portion to see the Great Wall in its original form.

7. The Great Wall’s steepest segment is in Jiankou.

The Great Wall's steepest segment is in Jiankou

It is also regarded as one of the most dangerous sections of the wall since the tiles have not been replaced, and the ground is overgrown with wild vegetation. The Jiankou stretch is popular among hikers and adventure lovers because of the excitement that the risky conditions deliver.

8. The longest cemetery in the world

According to rumors, numerous laborers perished while constructing the wall, earning it the title “The longest cemetery in the world.”

The Great Wall was dubbed “The longest cemetery in the world” during its construction due to the sheer number of fatalities. More than a million people’s lives are said to have been lost. The Great Wall is divided into many parts due to its lengthy construction and history.

9. The Chinese believe that a dragon established the path of the Wall.

According to Chinese mythology, the world is inhabited by dragons who shaped the mountains and created the sinew of the earth. – Roughly a million troops allegedly guarded the Great Wall during the Ming dynasty against “barbarians” and non-Chinese.

10.  The Great Wall didn’t provide enough defense for the Ming dynasty.

Over the course of the Ming Dynasty’s more than two centuries of dominance, the wall construction never halted. The wall was renovated and better administered by the emperors, who split it into nine border districts and set up nine garrisons. However, In the end, The Ming dynasty came to an end in the middle of the 17th century when the Manchus breached the Great Wall and conquered Beijing.

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11. A widespread misconception is that the Great Wall of China can be seen from space with the naked eye.

Great Wall of China can be seen from space

Many individuals have asserted that the Great Wall of China is visible from space due to its size and prominence. However, scientists have established that we cannot see the wall from such a great distance.

12. The Great Wall contributed to the expansion of the lucrative Silk Road.

The mighty Yuan dynasty, headed by Genghis Khan, ruled all of China and other regions of Asia and Europe from 1206 to 1368. The wall provided little military use for Genghis Khan, but it did aid in expanding the wealthy Silk Route. He ordered the soldiers to defend the border and safeguard the caravan and the traders.

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Due to its more than 2000-year history, the Great Wall of China is always an interesting and captivating topic for kids. The wall has withstood the test of time and provides an intriguing window into our past and the lengthy history of human civilization. Therefore, protecting these historical sites and transmitting the information to subsequent generations is essential.