12 Interesting Lincoln Memorial Facts For Kids 2022
On May 30, 1922, the Lincoln Memorial, a colossal memorial dedicated to Abraham Lincoln, was revealed to an estimated 50,000 spectators on the banks of the Potomac River. The Memorial Day ceremony featured speeches from three notable men: Chief Justice (and former president) William Howard Taft; President Warren G. Harding; and Robert Russa Moton, headmaster of the Tuskegee Institute, a historically Black school in Alabama.
Let’s take a closer look at some cool facts about the Lincoln Memorial.
12 Fun Lincoln Memorial facts for kids
It was built to honor Abraham Lincoln.
It was devastating when the American president was assassinated, especially since he had just been re-elected and everyone was optimistic about the nation’s future. Because of this, calls for constructing a monument in memory of Abraham Lincoln have been heard since his passing. The Lincoln Memorial, erected in honor of Abraham Lincoln, the 16th president of the United States, who presided over the nation from 1861 to 1865, is a symbol of American nationalism. It has symbolic importance and was revered by freedom fighters and the Civil Rights Movement. Because of this, the Lincoln Memorial is more than just a memorial to the 16th president of the United States.
The Lincoln Memorial plays a crucial role in American history.
The “Emancipation Proclamation” was signed by Lincoln as president. Over 3.5 million African Americans who had been enslaved before this order, which went into force on January 1, 1863, became free men, women, and children. The Lincoln Memorial is vital in the United States’ history. It marks the point in history when a great soul was lost in the whims of evil. Several legislations to create a statue of the 16th president were passed by Congress in 1867, but it wasn’t started until the 20th century. On December 13, 1910, a plan was eventually approved, and on May 30, 1922, the Lincoln Memorial received its official dedication.
A lot of work went into building the memorial.
Abraham Lincoln was a modest individual. Many felt that the memorial’s size didn’t adequately capture the character of the 16th president because of this. Nevertheless, the ideas were approved, and the enormous Abraham Lincoln Memorial was constructed. The American Beaux-Arts architect Henry Bacon designed the Lincoln Memorial. The monument is 118.5 feet wide and 189.7 feet long (57.8 by 36.1 m). It is 30 meters (99 feet) tall. A Tennessee marble platform measuring 34.5 feet (10.5 meters) long, 28 feet (8.5 meters) wide, and 6.5 inches (0.17 meters) high is located beneath the pedestal. The main entrance steps begin at the edge of the reflecting pool. The statue took four years to create. Georgia white marble was used in its carving. It was delivered in 28 pieces to Washington, D.C.
Details of Lincoln’s presidency are scattered throughout the memorial.
The memorial’s classically inspired architecture, which took decades to complete, referred to two achievements of Lincoln’s presidency: the emancipation of the enslaved people and his ongoing calls for unity during a period of unprecedented conflict. The National Mall, a beautiful park with many other monuments, has the Lincoln Memorial at its westernmost point. The Jefferson Memorial is situated on the region’s southern edge, northwest of the Tidal Basin. Yule marble from Colorado quarries was used to construct the Lincoln Memorial, which has a classical Greek temple-like appearance. The limestone that has undergone a metamorphosis, Yule marble, is unique to Colorado’s Yule Creek Valley.
William H. Taft was the commission president.
William H. Taft was selected as the commission’s president is one of the Lincoln Memorial’s most intriguing facts. Congress had already approved the Lincoln Memorial’s layout site by 1913, and the groundwork had been laid.
It is one of the most iconic statues in the world.
The Abraham Lincoln statue is considered one of the most iconic statues in the world. It shows Abe Lincoln himself leaning back in a chair and thinking intently. You can find it in the Lincoln Memorial’s main chamber. Daniel Chester French was one of the most well-known American sculptors of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, a significant artist. The Piccirilli Brothers, expert marble carvers, assisted him in its construction.
Martin Luther King Jr. delivered his speech there.
One of the most notable events in American history occurred at the Lincoln Memorial. Martin Luther King Jr. delivered his well-known “I have a dream” speech on August 28, 1963, in front of more than 250,000 people assembled on the memorial grounds. Since October 15, 1966, the Lincoln Memorial has been included on the National Register of Historic Places.
The design faced a lot of opposition.
After the project’s approval, there was so much opposition to the design as it was too ornate for the modest Lincoln and the proposed monument placement in a marsh. The massive traditional Greek Temple was constructed instead of a simple log hut shrine, which was proposed. Speaker of the House Joe Cannon was the chief critic of the layout and location. He considered Abraham Lincoln his hero and believed the marsh where a memorial to him would be erected was unworthy of the great man.
Joe Cannon came close to succeeding, and Theodore Roosevelt even gave his blessing to his alternative idea to move the memorial to the Washington railway station, which was inaugurated in 1907. On the other hand, the American Institute of Architects saw that the president had changed his mind once more and that the original plans were carried out.
The difference between the proposed and actual statue heights was very different.
The initial Abraham Lincoln statue would have been considerably smaller than the finished product. Its original height was only intended to be 10 feet (3.0 meters), but it was increased to 19 feet (5.8 meters). This was done so that the statue wouldn’t have looked out of place in the Lincoln Memorial’s main chamber, a vast space in the original design.
It features the Piccirilli brothers’ fantastic art.
A pair of Italian marble carvers, the Piccirilli Brothers, added some Roman design elements to the Abraham Lincoln statue. They included fasces, which were merely bundles of wooden rods that served as symbols of power in ancient Rome. These wooden are the pillars on which his arms rest.
Robert Todd Lincoln attended the unveiling.
Robert Todd Lincoln, Abraham Lincoln’s lone surviving son, was there on May 30, 1922, when the memorial honoring his father was dedicated. In addition to the unveiling, he frequently went to see it being built.
Appearance in movies
One of America’s most recognizable monuments is the Lincoln Memorial. This is why it has appeared in more than 60 movies, with one of the most remembered scenes being Tom Hanks’ speech as “Forrest Gump” in front of the memorial and facing the reflecting pool.
The Lincoln Memorial is, as we mentioned before, one of the most iconic and well-known monuments in recorded history. It depicts a man who was well-respected by his colleagues and friends and played an important role in American history and politics. In this article, we walked you through a list of facts about the Lincoln Memorial, its origin, and construction. If you ever get a chance to visit it, you’ll probably know more about it than other people!