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New Jersey Facts

New Jersey is a northeastern state that is one of the smallest in the nation (#47 in area).

Despite its size, the state has the eleventh largest population in the country.

It also features national parks, museums, historical sites, harbor towns, resorts, and even popular entertainment spots like Atlantic City and the Jersey Shore.

Seal Of New Jersey

Quick Facts

Capital: Trenton

Population: 9 million

Nickname: The Garden State


Key Cities: Newark, Jersey City, Atlantic City, Trenton

Postal Abbreviation: NJ

Major Industries: Biopharmaceuticals, transportation, manufacturing, health care, technology, tourism



How did New Jersey get its name? In 1664, James, Duke of York, granted land to Lord Berkeley and Sir George Carteret.

In honor of Carteret, the charter referred to the land as New Jersey. Carteret had been born on the island of Jersey in the English Channel and was the Lieutenant Governor of the island for several years.

Date admitted to the Union: Tuesday, December 18, 1787

Related: New Jersey State History


Size: 8,723 sq. miles

Lowest point: Atlantic Ocean at sea level

ocean coastline

Highest point: High Point at 1,803 feet

Counties: 21

Famous locations: Atlantic City Boardwalk, Cape May Point Lighthouse, Liberty State Park, Princeton University, Thomas Edison National Historical Park, Jersey Shore

Famous New Jerseyites

Meryl Streep- actress

Shaquille O’Neal- basketball player

Grover Cleveland bio
Grover Cleveland

Grover Cleveland– 22nd and 24th US President

Chelsea Handler- comedian/talk show host

Derek Jeter- baseball player

Count Basie- jazz musician

Whitney Houston- singer

Fun Facts

New Jersey has the highest population density of any U.S. state (the most people per square mile).

The state has an average of 1,030 people per square mile. That’s 13 times the national average!

Thomas Edison

New Jersey is home to more diners than any other location in the world (over 500), so it’s sometimes referred to as the diner capital of the world.

It also has over 50 resort cities and towns, including the very famous Atlantic City, Cape May, and Seaside Heights.

Thomas Edison invented the light bulb, the phonograph, and the motion picture projector in his lab in Melo Park, New Jersey. The famous inventor became known as the “Wizard of Menlo Park.”

Atlantic City, New Jersey, has the world’s longest boardwalk.

Another claim to fame? The street names in the board game Monopoly are named after real streets in Atlantic City!


The first baseball game was played in Hoboken, New Jersey in 1845.

The first college football game was played in New Brunswick, New Jersey, between Rutgers College and Princeton in 1869. Rutgers won. Go Rutgers!

The Lambert Castle Museum in Paterson, New Jersey, features a spoon exhibit that houses over 5,400 spoons from every state and almost every country in the world.

United States facts.



In conclusion, New Jersey offers fascinating facts for kids to explore. From its rich history as one of the original 13 colonies to its diverse geography and vibrant culture, there is much to learn and discover about the Garden State. Whether it’s the famous landmarks like the Statue of Liberty, the beautiful beaches along the Jersey Shore, or its important role in American industry, New Jersey provides a wealth of educational and entertaining opportunities for young minds.


1. What is the state bird of New Jersey?

The state bird of New Jersey is the Eastern Goldfinch (Spinus tristis). It was designated as the official state bird in 1935. The Eastern Goldfinch is known for its vibrant yellow plumage, which makes it easily recognizable.

2. What are some famous landmarks in New Jersey that kids would enjoy visiting?

New Jersey is home to numerous famous landmarks that kids would enjoy visiting. Some notable ones include:

  • The Liberty State Park in Jersey City offers stunning views of the Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island.
  • The Adventure Aquarium in Camden, where kids can explore and learn about various marine species.
  • Six Flags Great Adventure in Jackson is one of the largest theme parks in the country, featuring thrilling rides and entertaining shows.
  • The Cape May County Park and Zoo, where children can observe different animals and enjoy playgrounds and picnic areas.
  • The Grounds for Sculpture in Hamilton Township exhibits captivating and interactive sculptures amidst beautiful gardens.

3. What is the nickname of New Jersey, and how did it get that name?

The nickname of New Jersey is “The Garden State.” It obtained this name in the late 19th century when it was recognized for its agricultural prowess and bountiful produce. The term was further popularized by a speech given by Abraham Browning in 1876, who referred to New Jersey as “The Garden State.”

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