There have been cartoons made about them and even movies about their dancing skills. Although penguins probably aren’t dancing around on the ice, there are still many amazing things they can do.
Keep reading to find out more interesting facts about penguins.
What are the characteristics of a penguin?
Penguins belong to the bird family but they cannot fly. They have black and white feathers that make excellent camouflage, and they have a special layer of feathers which helps to keep them warm.
They spend half of their life on land and the other half swimming in the water, so their wings have changed to act like flippers which makes them great swimmers.
Penguins are known for waddling their feet when they walk, and they also slide on their bellies across the snow. Both of these help them move while saving their energy.
Where do penguins live?
Almost all groups of penguins live in the Southern Hemisphere, which is the bottom half of the Earth. There is one group, the Galápagos penguin, that lives in a different part of the world, but this is not very common.
When we think about penguins, a lot of people usually think they all live in freezing cold climates like Antarctica.
While some species do live there, most live in warmer areas. Penguins have adapted for life in the water, and they spend a lot of their time in or near the ocean.
Most groups of penguins can be found in Antarctica, Argentina, Australia, Chile, New Zealand, and South Africa.
What do penguins eat?
Most penguins like to eat krill (which is kind of like shrimp), fish, squid, and other types of sea life that they can catch while they swim in the water.
Do penguins have any predators?
Penguins have a few predators and these include sharks, orcas, and leopard seals. Humans used to hunt penguins for their oil and eggs, but because penguins are protected, this is now illegal.
How do penguins protect themselves?
One of the biggest ways that penguins protect themselves is by living in large groups. Many predators will be less likely to attack if there are a lot of penguins around, and this also helps because there are so many of them keeping lookout.
Another way penguins protect themselves is by their special camouflage on their feathers which is called countershading.
Penguins have black feathers on their backs and white on their fronts, so if a predator is looking up from the water, like an orca or a leopard seal, they will have a hard time seeing the penguin because of the bright water surface.
Finally, penguins are excellent swimmers and can outswim a lot of their predators.
If they get close to land, they can jump out of the water at a high speed and quickly escape the threat.
Most penguins live in the Southern Hemisphere
They spend half their life on land and half in the water
Penguins eat krill, fish, squid, and other sea creatures
Their biggest predators are sharks, orcas, and leopard seals
Penguins can swim at speeds of over 20 miles per hour
Whether you are familiar with penguins from nature shows, or tap-dancing movies, they are popular animals that many people know and love.
Penguins are excellent swimmers and are known for their belly slides and waddles. These fascinating creatures will continue to inspire stories and movies for years to come!