12 Shocking Water Pollution Facts For Kids 2022 [Must Read]
Understanding what leads to water pollution can save millions of aquatic lives. Learn about the environment and ways to protect our planet from global warming. People should know how they can affect one of our most valuable resources, water.
Water pollution is a phenomenon that occurs when different natural water bodies on Earth become contaminated by dumping waste and toxic products into them.
These bodies of water become contaminated when artificial chemicals, pollutants, particles, and other items enter them. Water contamination poses a threat to the local animals and ecosystems. The effect is often detrimental to wider biological communities and specific species and populations.
12 Water Pollution facts for kids
There are many major contributors to water pollution.
For instance, industrial waste that is thrown into rivers and landfills, including toxic chemicals, soil, gravel, waste from building sites, cafeteria trash, solvents, oil spills, hazardous spills, and other junk causes water pollution. Fertilizers and toxins from farming, such as pesticides, can lower the quality of the water supply. Oceans regularly receive sewage from cities. Although they may have undergone chemical treatment prior, they still contain dangerous chemicals and microorganisms. Some nations, like Canada, are severely impacted by water pollution due to mining. Coal and other metal mines may come into contact with surface water or other bodies of water, posing a risk of severe decay.
Agricultural waste and waster water cause water pollution:
One of the major industries responsible for water contamination is agriculture. Animal feces, insecticides, and fertilizers are introduced to aquatic bodies by agricultural runoff. Wastewater is another source of water pollution. All non-potable water used by humans in sinks, toilets, showers, and economic activities produces wastewater. The water flushed down the toilet must go somewhere
Garbage disposal leads to Water pollution.
Another significant source of water pollution is pure garbage. Consider the amount of paper, plastic, and metal waste that finds its way into waterways. When this trash decomposes, it contaminates the water. The degradation of plastics can take hundreds or even thousands of years. Imagine the amount of plastic that the ocean could accumulate over a thousand years.
Did you know? Speaking of plastic waste in the water, did you know that the Great Pacific Garbage Patch has a significant accumulation of trash there? Guess what? There is also one in the Atlantic and Indian oceans, known respectively as the North Atlantic garbage patch and the Indian Ocean garbage patch.
Point and non-point sources: two types of sources of water pollution
There are two types of sources of water pollution: point sources (PS) and non-point sources (NPS). A single identifiable source is considered a point source of water pollution when it pollutes a body of water. An example of a point source of water pollution would be a factory or sewage drainage line.
When an unknown single source pollutes a body of water, it is called a non-point source of pollution. For instance, a tiny farm produces tiny fertilizer contaminants, yet hundreds of small farms can combine to create a significant amount of fertilizer contaminants.
Water poisoning kills more than 3 million children annually.
Environmental factors, including water poisoning, kill more than 3 million children under five annually. Additionally, 1000 infants every year in India pass away from diseases brought on by contaminated water.
A decline in drinking water:
Water is essential for maintaining life, yet our access to safe drinking water is declining. Freshwater makes up only 2.5% of Earth’s total water. In the remaining water. About 70% of industrial waste and 80% of untreated sewage get deposited.
Additionally, untreated sewage encourages the growth of algae in the water, which depletes the oxygen and affects the total BOD. This disturbance is another factor contributing to the extinction of marine life.
Water pollution needs to be controlled:
Water pollution contributes to global warming. Doing your part in saving the planet can save many aquatic animals. You can effectively control water pollution by installing water-efficient toilets, discarding toxic or oily fluid waste after treatment, and never dumping synthetic wastes in water bodies.
Over a million seabirds yearly are killed by ocean pollution. Underwater sea birds always search for food and frequently ingest floating plastic debris, resulting in instantaneous death. Due to ocean pollution, one million seabirds perish annually.
Reduce plastic use:
For millions of years, plastic has remained intact on Earth. Along with industrial garbage and untreated sewage, 18 billion pounds of plastic waste are dumped into the oceans yearly, killing marine life. It is among the most critical issues with water and land contamination.
By 2040, Ocean Plastic Pollution Will Triple. If we continue to produce plastic at the current rate, the ocean’s plastic pollution will triple by 2040. However, the amount might be cut in half by 80% if we take steps to lessen plastic waste and begin investing in innovative, sustainable solutions!
Plastic is dangerous for animals:
Animals can quickly become trapped in ocean plastic debris. They lack hands, so they can’t extricate themselves from plastic packing rings or fishing nets, which keeps them from eating or swimming and even puts them in danger of drowning.
Fish and other marine creatures don’t comprehend the fundamental distinction between food and plastic that we humans do. They consume plastic, which does not break down, and starve to death.
To marine animals, floating plastic garbage might resemble a lot of food. Fish swallowed 33 percent of plastic, which is poisonous and chemically laden and can endanger or even kill fish.
Humans consume polluted food:
Each year, we produce more than 380 million tonnes of plastic waste, of which 8 million tonnes end up in the ocean. That is equivalent to the combined weight of two million elephants. Also, half of the world’s population consumes fish regularly. It’s important to remember that humans are harming themselves by polluting water. For instance, if you dispose toxic plastic waste into the ocean, fish will eat the plastic that will not pass naturally through their digestive systems. When the fish are caught and humans eat them, they will end up consuming a small portion of plastic, which could cause health problems in the long run.
Water pollution is a severe issue that requires prompt attention. We may prevent the repercussions of our actions from being passed down to the next generation by increasing our awareness and taking the appropriate steps to combat it instantly. If we don’t take care of the water on our earth, it will cause humanity as we know it to crumble and fall apart. Please remember to conserve water and refrain from dumping toxic and harmful waste into the water bodies near you.
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