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16 Fascinating Facts About Petra For Kids (2024 Updated)


Petra, the ancient city of Jordan, offers a fascinating journey through time. From the famous Treasury and Monastery to its secret passageways and natural marvels, Petra captivates visitors with its rock-carved structures and rich cultural heritage.

Exploring Petra: A Magnificent Ancient City

Fascinating Facts About Petra For Kids

Welcome to Petra!

Petra is an incredibly ancient city located in the country of Jordan.

The Nabataeans, an ancient Arab civilisation,  built it over 2,000 years ago.

Petra is known as the “Rose-Red City” because its cliffs have a reddish colour, just like a beautiful rose! 

It’s like stepping into our fantasies with magical colours all around.

What’s in a Name?

Petra is also known as Batra in Arabic. The name “Petra” comes from the Greek term that translates to “rock,”. 

This unique city is incised into beautiful sandstone cliffs.

The Amazing Treasury

The Treasury is one of the most famous structures in Petra. The treasury is also known as Kaznah. 

It was sculpted into the rugged cliffside and became a tomb for a Nabataean king. 

Amazing Structure of Petra

The Al-Dayr – The Monastery

Another remarkable structure is Al-Dayr, known as “The Monastery.”  Originally intended as a tomb, it later served as a church. 

What a fascinating transformation!

Water for the City

Petra had an impressive system of dams, pipes, and cisterns. 

It provides water to its inhabitants. These were like ancient water tanks!

Can you imagine how important water was for the people living in this desert city? It was crucial for their survival and everyday life.

Lost and Found

Petra faced major challenges when devastating earthquakes struck 363 and 551, damaging large parts of the city.

As the years went by, the ancient city of Petra gradually faded from the world’s memory.

Its rediscovery in 1812 by a fearless Swiss explorer named Johann Ludwig Burckhardt.

Movie Magic

Did you know that a famous movie called “Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade” filmed some scenes in the remarkable city of Petra? 

Facts About Petra For Kids

It’s like a real-life adventure brought to the big screen!

Camel Caravans

Camels played a crucial role in the trade routes passing through Petra.

They transported goods like spices, silk, and precious stones, connecting Petra to other ancient civilisations.

Camels near Petra

Cultural Fusion

Petra was a trading hub where merchants from different lands exchanged goods, ideas, and customs.

Petra was a special city where people from different cultures came together, making it a lively and diverse city.

The Siq’s Secrets

The entrance to Petra is through a narrow canyon called the Siq.

Walking through the Siq is like stepping into a magical tunnel with towering walls and intricate carvings.

Rock-Carved Marvels

Petra is famous for its incredible rock-carved structures.

Rock-Carved Marvels of Petra

The ancient people skillfully chiselled the sandstone cliffs to create temples, tombs, and even houses.

The buildings in Petra were grand and colourful, with vibrantly painted facades.

UNESCO World Heritage

Petra was declared a UNESCO World Heritage site in the year 1985.

This recognition highlights its outstanding historical significance and helps protect its unique heritage.

Natural Marvels

Petra is not just about the carved buildings; it also boasts stunning natural landscapes. 

From towering cliffs to deep canyons, the natural beauty surrounding the ancient city is awe-inspiring.

Mountains near Petra

Bedouin Heritage

The Bedouins, a nomadic Arab tribe, strongly connect to Petra and its surroundings. 

They have inhabited the area for generations and have their own unique customs and traditions.

Spectacular Night Views

If you visit Petra at night, you can witness a magical sight. 

The Treasury is illuminated by hundreds of candles, creating an enchanting atmosphere that can make you feel like you time travelled to the past.

Secret Passageways

Petra is home to many hidden tunnels and pathways that were carved into the rock, creating a maze-like network throughout the city.

Some of these secret passageways were used for escape routes or to move people and goods discreetly.

Stairway to the High Place

For those seeking adventure, Petra offers a challenging hike known as the “High Place of Sacrifice.” 

People Hiking for Petra

Climbing up ancient stone steps, you’ll reach a breathtaking view that overlooks the entire city, rewarding you with a panoramic vista.

Ancient Amphitheater

Petra had its own theatre where the people enjoyed performances and gatherings. 

Carved into the mountainside, this amphitheatre could seat around 4,000 spectators!


What is Petra?

Petra is an ancient city in Jordan known for its stunning rock-carved structures, including the iconic Treasury and Monastery.

Why is Petra called the “Rose City”?

Petra is nicknamed the “Rose City” due to the beautiful pink colour of the rock it was carved into.

Is Petra a UNESCO World Heritage site?

Petra was declared a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1985 for its outstanding historical significance.

Can you visit Petra at night?

Yes, visitors can experience the magical ambience of Petra at night, with the Treasury illuminated by candlelight.


Embark on a journey to Petra and immerse yourself in its ancient wonders. From the intricate rock-carved structures to the natural beauty surrounding the city, Petra is a captivating place that gives a glimpse into this magnificent ancient city’s rich history and cultural fusion.

So, hurry and grow up. Go on an adventure to Petra when you’re older!