Famous Scientists For Kids
Do you love science? Let’s learn some facts about some of the most famous scientists to have ever lived.
You have probably heard of some of these!
André-Marie Ampère was a prominent French physicist and mathematician who is considered as one of the early founders of classical electromagnetism, or “electrodynamics” He invented the solenoid and the electrical telegraph.
Archimedes is credited with the invention of the sciences of mechanics and hydrostatics. The laws of levers and pulleys wwhich he discovered is what allows us to move heavy items with small forces.
The center of gravity, one of the most fundamental principles in physics was first proposed by him.
John Logie Baird, a Scottish engineer, invented the first mechanical television, which could broadcast images of moving objects. In 1928, he also exhibited color television.
Alexander Graham Bell is famously known for inventing the telephone, which he got a patent for in 1876.
Niels Henrik David Bohr was a Danish physicist who contributed to our understanding of atomic structure and quantum theory.
Rachel Carson was a well-known American biologist who focused on environmental pollution and the natural history of the sea.
Silent Spring, published in 1962, became one of the most significant books in the modern environmental movement, paving the way for stricter pesticide regulations.
Barbara McClintock is best known for discovering genetic transposition, which is crucial to understanding genetics, biology and medicine.
James Chadwick is the scientist who discovered neutrons, which are elementary particles devoid of charge,
Francis Harry Compton Crick OM FRS was a molecular biologist, biophysicist, and neuroscientist. He, along with Rosalind Franklin and James Watson, helped decode the DNA molecule’s helical structure.
Marie Curie is most known for discovering radium and polonium, as well as her significant contribution to cancer research.
She is the first woman to win the Nobel prize, in fact she won the Nobel prize twice – only woman to do so.
Democritus was a Greek philosopher best known for developing the atomic theory of the universe. This is especially revolutionary since he was able to decipher this around 420 BC.
Charles Richard Drew was a surgeon and medical researcher who conducted research in the field of blood transfusions, establishing improved blood storage procedures, and applied his expert knowledge to develop large-scale blood banks.
Thomas Alva Edison, widely considered as “America’s greatest inventor” is known for inventions such as the incandescent light bulb, the phonograph, and the motion picture camera, apart from improving the telephone and telegraph.
Albert Einstein was a German theoretical physicist who is regarded as one of the finest physicists of all time.
Although Einstein is best recognized for establishing the theory of relativity, he also contributed significantly to the development of quantum mechanics.
Michael Faraday FRS was an English scientist whose main discoveries were Electromagnetic induction, electrolysis and diamagnetism
Sir Alexander Fleming was a Scottish microbiologist and physician who is best known for developing penicillin, the world’s first broadly effective antibiotic.
An English chemist and X-ray crystallographer, Rosalind Franklin’s work was pivotal to understand molecular structures of DNA, RNA and viruses.
Galileo Galilei who is regarded as the “Father of modern astronomy” made important contributions to astronomy and physics. His discovery of Jupiter’s 4 biggest moons as early as the 1610 was remarkable for the time.
Stephen Hawking was a great modern theoretical physicist, with a brilliant five-decade career in science and astronomy. He has made many appearances in popular media and his lifelong battle against ALS is well documented.
Lavoisier is regarded as the “father of modern chemistry”. He is most noted for his discovery of the role oxygen plays in combustion.
James Clerk Maxwell was the first person who described electricity, light and magnetism as different forms of the same phenomenon. He is responsible for the classical theory of electromagnetic radiation.
Isaac Newton is renowned for his discoveries in optics and mathematics (calculus), but he is best remembered for his formulation of the three laws of motion, which are the fundamental principles of contemporary physics.
Alfred Nobel is well known for inventing dynamite, which revolutionized the usage of high explosives in the contemporary era. He was also the one who established the Nobel Prizes.
French chemist and microbiologist – Louis Pasteur is renowned for his discoveries of the principles of vaccination and pasteurization.
In the 1970s and 1980s, Carl Sagan was perhaps one of the most well-known scientists. He investigated alien intelligence, campaigned for nuclear disarmament, and co-wrote and produced the television show “Cosmos: A Personal Voyage.”
Nikola Tesla , a Serbian-American engineer and scientist, made many inventions geared towards the application of electric power. He pioneered AC generation and transmission technologies and invented the first alternating current (AC) motor.
James Dewey Watson was an American geneticist and biophysicist who discovered the molecular structure of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), the substance that is the very basis of heredity.